A Comparison of the Effects of Zen Breath Meditation or Relaxation on College Adjustment
J. Tloczynski & M. Tantriella
The effects of Zen breath meditation were compared with those of relaxation on college adjustment. Subjects were divided into three groups using randomized matching on the basis of initial anxiety scores of the College Adjustment Scales. Subjects also completed the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale. The three groups included: meditation, relaxation, and control. Training for the meditation and relaxation groups took place during a 1 hour instructional session with written instructions being distributed. After 6 weeks anxiety and depression scores significantly decreased for the meditation and relaxation groups. Interpersonal problem scores also significantly decreased for the meditation group. Differences between the effects of meditation and relaxation procedures are discussed in the scope of adjustment and clinical implications.

Key words: Zen, meditation, relaxation, adjustment