Locus of control in students from Japan and the United States: Dimensions and levels of response
M.H. Bond & L.G. Tornatzky
Rotter's (1966) I-E scale was administered to male and female university students in Japan and the United States. As predicted, students from Japan scored in a more external direction than students from the United States. The responses were cluster analyzed, revealing the existence of two reliable clusters in each sub-group. In accordance with previous research, these clusters seemed to tap dimensions of generalized personal control and system modifiability.